In order to preserve the red deer population в Amu Darya State Nature Reserve Turkmenistan carries out activities zoological nursery near the central farmstead of the conservation organization. Here they keep pheasants, hares, gazelles, riparian deer, owls, quails, and gray geese. In captivity, the fauna is provided with the necessary food, required living and breeding conditions. The bred offspring will be returned to protected areas. The aviary housing of animals and birds is determined by scientific research, observations of rare, "red-listed" species. The nursery has positive experience in releasing gazelles, hares, and pheasants bred in captivity.
In the near future, the structure of the reserve will be expanded to include new nurserylocated in in riparian forests of the Kabakly area. The purpose of establishing a nursery is to keeping and breeding a pair of red deer to restore the population in the wild of Turkmenistan. History protection of red deer in Turkmenistan counts already century. Historical documents testify to the facts of delivery by the dignitary of Khiva khanate Imam Berdy Naib to Darganata a pair of young deer with the purpose of their release in local tugai as early as 1896-1897. It is important that the dykhans were forbidden even to disturb the noble animals. The breeding deer populated the left bank of the Amu Darya valley and started expanding to the right bank in the tugai forests of Toprak Gala. In 1947, the population was about a hundred animals. Functioning here in 1941-1951 the Darganata Reserve was supposed to consolidate the success, but lost its importance as a wetland for migratory and wintering birds due to reduction of the lake surface and revision of the area of the former Zeid reservoir. The elimination of the preserve drastically reduced the population of ungulates. From 1960 to 1978, the researchers recorded the number of only 13-15 ungulates. Since 1982, conservation activities on the Amudarya River were resumed. Direct research on deer was carried out by V.Krivohatsky, A.Atamuradov, S.Bukreev, V.Marochkina, E.Agryzkov.
Now in the reserve and adjacent areas of Turkmenistan the following activities are being carried out Observations of populations of key species of local biodiversity. Protected riparian ecosystems cover 6670 ha, which is 13.8% of the total area of the Amudarya Reserve. Of 227 plant species, 86 are typical of riparian forests. The fauna of the reserve lands is known for its butterflies, big and small Amu Darya spoonbills, pike rooks (bald eagles), jackals, badgers, steppe cats, insect-eared urchins, sandpipers, thin-toed gophers, mossy-footed marmots, tolai hares, gazelles, wild boars, spoonbills, marbled murrelets, as well as red-listed species of Turkmenistan - caracals, otters, honey-eaters, Bobrinsky's marmots.
Source and photo: Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper