The staff of the National IWRM Institute, in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment, have In collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment, they have seriously committed themselves to The study of the issue of planting, including pistachio and almond trees, in the intractable conditions of desert farming. For example, Turkmen scientists have been working fruitfully for the past five years. over the last five years have been working fruitfully on the cultivation of pistachio and almond trees in the Karakum desert. pistachio and almond trees in the Karakum desert.
The Karrykul area in the southern part of the Central Karakum desert was chosen for the experiments. Karrykul area in the southern part of the Central Karakum desert. Here, in the harsh climatic conditions, scientists annually planted pistachio and almond trees, using ground and atmospheric water as irrigation. The care and observation of the experimental orchards made it possible to see the effects of temperature extremes on the plants and to try out different ways of to conserve moisture in the soil. Scientists also developed protection against rodents. The quality of the soil was improved by adding an extra layer of topsoil a mixture of sand and organic matter.
After a five-year study The NIPRWM specialists are ready to share with the public the conclusions of their of their research and practical developments that are needed to grow almond and pistachio trees in the Karakum sands.