The National Register of Cultural Heritage of Turkmenistan was enriched with new objects. Twenty monuments of historical and cultural value were discovered on the territory of Mary velayat. All of them are on the list of sites under state protection. Even if they are not as majestic as Sultan Sanjar's Mausoleum, they have a lot to tell about the past of the Turkmen land.
At first glance, it seems that we are just small mounds or remnants of old clay walls, but researchers of the State Historical and Cultural Reserve "Ancient Merv" are able to discern and establish the value of each such object.
The most ancient objects discovered as a result of the research appeared on the territory of present-day Turkmenistan during the Bronze Age, which means that they are more than four thousand years old. The rest appeared in later periods. The list of finds includes not only ancient necropolises and religious buildings but also the remains of settlements. Their age is indicated by a variety of items found at the research sites - the remains of utensils, household items, building materials.
All new objects of historical and cultural heritage were identified during the field season last fall. For each find researchers formed a passport, from which you can learn the physical parameters of the monument, its general appearance, the scheme of the plan and other details.
According to the director of the reserve "Devni Merv" Recep Jepbarov, almost 400 monuments are currently included in the list of sites in Mary velayat, which are under state protection. They are characterized by different historical significance, size and degree of study.
Scientists have been doing their research for many years. First, they determine the location of the object. Then, using modern possibilities of GPS-navigators, they establish its exact coordinates, collect materials and prepare necessary documentation justifying the scientific and cultural value of the identified object. The collected materials are approved at the meeting of the Scientific and Methodological Council at the Ministry of Culture of Turkmenistan. Employees of the reserve also determine both protection and buffer zones surrounding each monument. This means that any kind of agricultural work is forbidden in these areas. Protection agreements are signed with local authorities and private entrepreneurs, who lease the land where the monuments are located. In addition to the preservation of the site itself, the researchers try to ensure the preservation of the adjacent historical landscape as well. Reserve inspectors monitor compliance with contractual obligations.
It is noted that protection of the national historical and cultural heritage of Turkmenistan is ensured by the legislation. This has saved many monuments located in the ancient delta of the Mugrab from destruction in the course of economic and construction activities. Now the preserved finds can be further explored at any moment, making new bright discoveries.
Source and photo: turkmenistan.gov.tm