The implemented reform of the Parliament of Turkmenistan with its division into two chambers marked a departure from "stagnant" models, which will certainly increase the efficiency of the lawmaking process in the country. Experts have already managed to assess the prospects and importance of this process, but there is still a lot of work ahead. As noted by In his article, political expert of the editorial board of Septalasy.News, Honorary Elder of Turkmenistan, Prof. Dr. Murad HaitovEach of the chambers of the new legislative body of the country, in accordance with the Constitution and the law, has its own personalized competence.
The recent First session of the reformed Turkmen parliament was mainly of a constituent nature. In the course of the session the structure of the legislative body and its leadership were formed. Thus, based on the results of the first session of the Khalk Maslakhaty, its composition and governing bodies were approved.
In accordance with the decree, the Head of State Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov was elected Chairman of the National Assembly. The Leader of the Nation appointed eight members of the Parliament by his decree. At the meeting of the first session the deputy chairman Khalk Maslakhaty was elected and 5 committees were formed to deal with the protection of human rights and freedoms; science, sports, culture, digitalization and education; economy and finance; regional development, environmental protection and agrarian industry; international tasks.
The Houses of Parliament of Turkmenistan exercise both legislative and representative functions. Thus, the Mejlis represents voters in 125 single-mandate constituencies, while the Khalk Maslakhaty provides territorial representation. Laws passed by the Mejlis may be adopted or rejected by the Khalk Maslakhaty. In the latter case, this is the reason for establishing a conciliation commission, where both chambers will be represented in equal proportions. In addition to this, the National Council also exercises parliamentary control.
At the moment the reform of the Parliament is not yet complete. The expert notes in his article that there are many issues to be resolved for the bicameral Parliament to become a unified, smoothly functioning mechanism that fully corresponds to modern requirements. And when it is up and running, a new page in the history of Turkmen parliamentarism will open.