Production of technical gases will bring Turkmenistan even closer to the global market. This opinion was expressed by a Turkmen scientist, by Dr. Allaberdy Ilyasov, an expert of the editorial board of CentralAsia.news. The expert notesThe fact that industrial gases are not only characterized by a wide range of applications, but also practically harmless to the natural environment.
Of course, like any process of this kind, the production of technical gases requires certain costs and looks quite complicated. However, in reality, it is only necessary to properly equip the gas generating plant on the territory of the consuming enterprise. There should also be no problems with the registration of permits and approvals.
Applications for industrial gases
As noted above, the scope of industrial gases is extremely extensive and varied. For example, nitrogen protects ferrous and non-ferrous metals during annealing. Oxygen catalyzes blast furnace processes and makes it possible to smelt excellent quality pig iron and subsequently turn it into steel. The use of argon during steelmaking, promotes degassing, purification and homogenization of the final product.
Virtually all varieties of technical gases are also needed in the chemical industry. They are not only a basic raw material, but also a working medium. Nitrogen is used in the production of ammonia, from which fertilizers, nitric acid and explosives are processed. Nitrogen and argon also contribute to the better preservation of chemical raw materials, while oxygen acts as an oxidizer for many reactions. Both pure gases and their mixtures are in demand by the chemical industry in such areas as laboratory research, control and management of chemical reactions. They are used to monitor the surroundings and detect explosive concentrations.
In the food industry inert gases are used to form an inert environment for storage and packaging of various kinds of food products - this eliminates the need for preservatives. In this case, the storage time increases and the taste qualities are preserved. Carbon dioxide is used in the production of "soda," while hydrogen is used to hydrogenate fats that are used to make margarine. And the operation of refrigeration units involved in the food industry is based on the use of liquid nitrogen.
Health care and pharmaceuticals
Technical gases are also used by pharmaceutics and medicine. Oxygen and carbon dioxide help ensure the body's respiratory function. Nitrogen is used for high quality delivery of organs to the place where they will be transplanted, and in pharmacology it is used for packaging medicines and cleaning equipment. Dry ice" carbon dioxide is used in cryomedicine. And this is only a small part of the possibilities for the use of technical gases.
Oil and gas sector
Industrial gases are also in demand in oil and gas production. Thus, nitrogen became especially popular on the wave of wide application of coiled tubing well development technology. It helps decrease downhole pressure level and makes the process regulation easier and more reliable. Nitrogen is also used in well workover and firefighting operations.
Agriculture and other areas
Carbon dioxide accelerates plant growth, which is especially important for greenhouses. Neon is used in advertising, helium in balloons, balloons, and as a refrigerant.
Technical gases are also important for environmental protection. For example, the technology of wastewater treatment through the use of oxygen is being successfully put into practice.